When Is the Best Time to Plant a Garden?

When Is the Best Time to Plant a Garden?


Planting a fruitful garden requires timing and coordination. Some plants can get started inside during the winter months while the Frost is still outside, others can be in your garden all year long, while even more need to wait until the weather turns. 

If you wonder when the best time to plant your garden is for your region, it helps to know what the growing zone is for your property. Some homeowners are in microclimates that can change when and where to plant.

This guide contains general information about what plants tend to thrive at different points throughout the year.

A Calendar Year of Planting Your Garden

What to Plant in January: tomatoes, eggplant, peppers, broccoli, onions, herbs, and flowers.

What to Plant in February: broccoli, herbs, lettuce, onions, peppers, tomatoes, and some perennials.

What to Plant in March: beets, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, herbs, lettuce, melons, onions, peas, peppers, spinach, squash, and tomatoes.

What to Plant in April: beans, beets, cabbage, carrots, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, herbs, lettuce, melons, onions, peas, peppers, squash, and tomatoes.

What to Plant in May: Everything you planted in April is also eligible for your garden in May. 

What to Plant in June: watermelons, herbs, zucchini, summer squash, peas, cabbage, radishes, beets, and Brussels sprouts.

What to Plant in July: kale, cucumbers, corn, carrots, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, beans, and radishes.

What to Plant in August: beans, spinach, cover crops, cucumbers, kale, lettuce, peas, radishes, and flowers.

What to Plant in September: blueberries, garlic, broccoli, flowers, lettuce, radishes, and spinach.

What to Plant in October: herbs, garlic, and some flower bulbs.

What to Plant in November: herbs, indoor flowers, sprouts, and cool weather vegetables in warm weather climates.

What to Plant in December: indoor herbs and vegetables. 

How to Plant Starter Seeds Indoors

When you want to get a head start on your garden, you can plant most seeds indoors to help them germinate. You’ll need some soil, trays, and synthetic sunlight from grow lights to achieve this result.

Some seeds require water for germination, while others prefer their soil to remain relatively dry. 

If you want an indoor crop, radishes can stay in containers all year if you create the plant’s preferred growing conditions.

Once you have the seedlings poking through the soil, transferring them to your outdoor garden depends on your growing zone. The numbers work in reverse, so the coldest zones are 1, and the hottest are 10 or 11.

Most people in the United States live in growing zones designated as 5-8. If you live in a warmer area or one with fewer freezes, you can potentially garden all year with frost protections in place.

If you live in growing zones 3 or 4, which are in the upper Midwest and Plains states, it could be May before you can send the seedlings to your outdoor garden.

Every climate is different, which is why it is essential to get to know your local characteristics. When you do, you’ll have a better chance to achieve the harvest you want! 

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